Types-of-Mycorrhizal-Plants

Endomycorrhizal Plants: About 85% of Plants— Mostly Green, Leafy Plants, and most Commercially Produced Plants. Shrubs and foliage plants except for Rhododendron, Azalea, and Heath; Berries except for blueberries, cranberries, and lingonberries; Nut trees except for pecan, hazelnuts, and filberts. Flowers, Vegetables except for Brassica and beets; cultivated grasses except for weedy grasses, Fruit trees including tropical fruits; many wetland/aquatic species except rushes and horsetails.

Some of the commercially essential plant groups that benefit from ENDO-mycorrhizal fungi:

  • Acacia
  • Agapanthus
  • Alder (Endo/Ecto)
  • Alfalfa
  • Almond
  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Artichoke
  • Ash
  • Asparagus
  • Aspen (Endo/Ecto)
  • Avocado
  • Bamboo
  • Banana
  • Barley
  • Basil
  • Bayberry
  • Beans, all
  • Beech
  • Begonia
  • Black Cherry
  • Blackberry
  • Black Locust
  • Blue Gramma
  • Box Elder
  • Boxwood
  • Buckeye
  • Bulbs, all
  • Cacao
  • Cactus
  • Camellia
  • Carrisa
  • Carrot
  • Cassava
  • Ceanothus
  • Cedar
  • Celery
  • Cherry
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Citrus, all
  • Clover
  • Coconut
  • Coffee
  • Coral Tree
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Cottonwood(Endo/Ecto)
  • Cowpea
  • Crab Tree
  • Creosote
  • Cryptomeria
  • Cucumber
  • Currant
  • Cypress
  • Dogwood
  • Eggplant
  • Elm
  • Eucalyptus
  • Euonymus
  • Fern
  • Fescue
  • Fig
  • Flax
  • Flowers, most all
  • Forsythia
  • Fuchsia
  • Gardenia
  • Garlic
  • Geranium
  • Grapes, all
  • Grasses, perennials
  • Green Ash
  • Guayule
  • Gum
  • Hackberry
  • Hawthorn
  • Hemp
  • Herbs, all
  • Hibiscus
  • Holly
  • Hostas
  • Impatiens
  • Jatropha
  • Jojoba
  • Juniper
  • Kiwi
  • Leek
  • Lettuce
  • Ligustrum
  • Lily
  • Locust
  • Lychee
  • Mahogany
  • Magnolia
  • Mahonia
  • Mango
  • Maples, all
  • Marigolds
  • Mesquite
  • Millet
  • Mimosa
  • Morning Glory
  • Mulberry
  • Myrtle
  • Nasturtium
  • Okra
  • Olive
  • Onion
  • Pacific Yew
  • Palms, all
  • Pampas Grass
  • Passion Fruit
  • Papaya
  • Paw Paw
  • Peas
  • Peach
  • Peanut
  • Pear
  • Peppers, all
  • Pistachio
  • Persimmon
  • Pittosporum
  • Plum
  • Podocarpus
  • Poinsettia
  • Poplar
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin
  • Raspberry
  • Redwood
  • Rice
  • Rose
  • Rubber
  • Ryegrass
  • Sagebrush
  • Saltbrush
  • Serviceberry
  • Sequoia
  • Shallot
  • Snapdragon
  • Sorghum
  • Sourwood
  • Soybean
  • Squash
  • Star Fruit
  • Strawberry
  • Succulents
  • Sudan Grass
  • Sugar Cane
  • Sumac
  • Sunflower
  • Sweet Gum
  • Sweet Potato
  • Sycamore
  • Taxus
  • Tea
  • Tobacco
  • Tomato
  • Violets
  • Walnut
  • Wheat
  • Yam
  • Yucca
  • Willow (Endo/Ecto)
See also  Ectomycorrhizae (Just the Facts on Mycorrhizal Fungi)

Ectomycorrhizal Plants: About 10% of Plants—Mainly Conifers, Oaks, and Hardwoods (more woody plants). Some commercially important plant groups that benefit from ECTO-mycorrhizal fungi:

  • Alder (Endo/Ecto)
  • Arborvitae
  • Arctostaphylos
  • Aspen (Endo/Ecto)
  • Basswood
  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Chestnut
  • Chinquapin
  • Cottonwood (Endo/Ecto)
  • Douglas fir
  • Eucalyptus
  • Filbert
  • Fir
  • Hazelnut
  • Hickory
  • Hemlock
  • Larch
  • Linden
  • Madrone
  • Manzanita
  • Oak
  • Pecan
  • Pine
  • Poplar
  • Spruce
  • Willow (Endo/Ecto)

5% Form Other Relationship Types or are “Non-mycorrhizal”—The following Plants or Plant Groups “do not” respond to ENDO or ECTO Mycorrhizal fungi:

Brassica Family

  • Broccoli
  • Brussels
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Collards
  • Kale
  • Rutabaga

Ericaceae Family

  • Azalea
  • Blueberry
  • Cranberry
  • Heath
  • Huckleberry
  • Lingonberries
  • Rhododendron

Others

  • Beet
  • Carnation
  • Mustard
  • Orchids
  • Protea
  • Rush
  • Sedge
  • Spinach

Over 95% of the world’s plant species form with mycorrhizae and require the association for maximum performance in the field.

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